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The concept and classification of carpet

1. Carpet is a floor covering made of cotton, hemp, wool, silk, grass and other natural fibers or chemical synthetic fiber materials, which are braided, tufted or woven by hand or mechanically.

🌟The common fiber raw materials for carpet yarn are divided into three types: natural fiber, chemical fiber and blended.

🌟Natural fibers include wool, silk, cotton and jute;

🌟Chemical fibers include viscose staple fiber, nylon BCF filament and staple fiber, acrylic staple fiber, polypropylene BCF filament and staple fiber, and polyester staple fiber;

🌟Blends include wool/nylon, wool/viscose, wool/acrylic, wool/polyester and wool/jute, etc.

New emerging materials in recent years include: bamboo fiber and corn fiber.

2. Classification:


1. There are many ways to classify carpets. According to the material, they can be divided into pure wool carpets, blended carpets, chemical fiber carpets, and plastic carpets;

🔥2. Divided by manufacturing method:

Handmade rugs, including hand-knotted rugs, hand-punched rugs

Machine-made carpets, including tufted, woven Wilton, and woven Axminster

3. According to the product form, it is classified into full shop, block rug, and block rug.

1⃣️full carpet

Generally, the width is 3.66 to 4 meters, and full paving refers to laying on the entire ground between the two walls of the room.


The shape is rectangular and the unit of measure is block. Multi-finger decorative rugs, the regular size of the rugs laid under the sofa is 1.6m x 2.3m and 2m x 3m.

3⃣️ Patchwork blanket

Also known as carpet tiles, the external dimensions are 500 × 500mm, 333*1000mm, etc., and the shapes are triangular, quadrilateral, etc. The surface of the carpet is generally tufted, and the composition is usually polypropylene or nylon; the back is asphalt, PVC, asphalt soft bottom, PU soft bottom, polyolefin bottom.

4. According to the purpose, it is divided into engineering carpet (including household), industrial carpet, commercial carpet, etc.


5. Classification according to texture (blanket shape)

See Figure 6 for details

There are mainly loop velvet, cut velvet, and loop cut velvet. Of course, according to the combination of these shapes and techniques, there are also high and low cut velvet, high and low loop velvet, cut velvet + high and low loop velvet, etc.


6. The types of common carpet surface textures are:

(1) plush carpet

It is the most common type of cut pile carpet

(2) Velvet rugs

The pile length is about 5 mm, and the pile surface is densely packed to produce a velvety effect.

(3) flat loop pile carpet

The pile is in the shape of a circle, and the height of the circle is uniform and neat. Compared with the pile of cut pile, it is moderately firmer and smoother, and it feels comfortable to walk on.

(4) High and low loop pile carpet (including multiple layers of high and low loop pile)

The height of the pile loops is produced by the change of the length of the pile yarn, and the carpet surface has ups and downs, some of which form geometric patterns, and the carpet has a three-dimensional effect.

(5) Cut/loop pile carpets (including flat cut/loop pile carpets)

Generally, the height of the cut pile part of the carpet exceeds the height of the loop pile, and the pile head of the loop pile is not damaged when trimming and leveling the cut pile pile. The two kinds of pile piles can be mixed to form a geometric pattern on the carpet surface, and there are plain jacquards. Effect. The cut pile technology content of flat cut/loop carpets is also relatively high.

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